Entry Requirements for Law Schools

Are you pursuing a law degree? If you want to immerse yourself in the education of law, you need to know the requirements involved with getting accepted. I used my alma mater to go into the depths of requirements of getting into law school. There are four ways to enter the Melbourne JD program.

General Entry:

Compromised by a large majority of students, general entry applications are put through a selection process. The process is based on the performance in academic performance in all previous tertiary studies and the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) score. Your application will be ranked based upon these scores. Applicants who ranked the highest will be admitted within the intake quota for that year.

Guaranteed Entry Pathways:

Three of the four ways to enter a program fall under the guaranteed entry pathways.

Melbourne Chancellor’s Scholarship Program:
This scholarship is one of the most prestigious awards for school leavers and is based on academic merit. You can receive this award by having your Australian Tertiary Admissions Rank or equivalent of 99.99 or above with an undergraduate degree from the University of Melbourne.  This opportunity is for high-achieving students from Australia and overseas. You will retain fee exemptions and be guaranteed a place in Melbourne’s graduate program of your choice.

Graduate Degree Package:

This degree package works differently from other Australian universities. Melbourne’s process will have you graduating with a Master’s degree. You’ll study for law along with complementary subjects and then will be required to take specialized graduate studies. You can enter this graduate degree package with a score of 99.80 or above and must commence the JD within 18 months of completing your undergraduate degree. Applicants eligible for the packages will not be required to take the LSATs. Packages available are:

  • Bachelor of Agriculture/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Arts/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Biomedicine/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Commerce/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Design/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Music/ Juris Doctor
  • Bachelor of Science/ Juris Doctor

Fee Place Guarantee:

The final way to enter a JD program is the free place guarantee. You would need to score a 99.00 or above and at least a 75% weighted average in an undergraduate degree from the University of Melbourne. These students will not be required to complete the LSAT.

All of the applicants must meet the English language requirements of the University of Melbourne.

 

Commercial Leasing: Landlord Edition

A landlord of commercial property has the job of drafting the commercial lease. The lease agreement is a complex document that sets out the rights and obligations of the parties. When drafting a lease, the landlord’s lawyer will have regard to the particularities of the property and the tenant’s particular type of business. The use of the premises will impact what the terms of the lease will be. The lease will be comprised of both the general conditions of the lease and the special conditions. Some of these provisions will be essential terms with strong consequences if breached and tenants should have regard to these terms.   

Description

The premises are described by the property address and the volume and folio number of property identifier. The size of the premises is also often mentioned and defined in square meters. This is usually included in the Disclosure Statement.  A plan of the premises can also be annexed to the lease, which will clearly identify the perimeter of the premises. This gives the tenant a clear understanding of the property being leased and avoids arguments later if there is an issue.

 

Use

The permitted use of the premises will be defined in the lease schedule. Typical uses are retail, industrial or office. There can, of course, be more specific uses of the premises specified, such as warehouse, hairdressing salon or vehicle servicing, as just three of many examples. It is generally advantageous to the tenant to be less specific about the use of the premises, so as to make it easier to assign the lease should the business not work out or need to be moved to alternate premises. This is because a landlord is often not compelled (depending upon the terms of the lease) to assign the lease to a party wanting to use the space for a use not stated in the lease.

 

Base Rent

Base rent is usually calculated as a set price based off of the square meterage of the premises. It is a fixed amount.

 

Turnover Rent

Turnover rent is an amount of further rent payable, based on a percentage of sales, often over a predefined amount of turnover, This is common shopping center leases. For instance

 

Outgoings of the Premises:

The lease may be inclusive of building outgoings; typically, though, outgoings are paid over an above the Base Rent and, where applicable turnover rent. Outgoings can include: Landlord ownership and maintenance:

  • Electricity, Water, Sewer charges
  • Council Rates
  • Property insurance
  • Land Tax (but not in relation to retail leases in Australia)
  • Cost for building personnel, such as security and cleaning

 

Security Deposit

The Security Deposit is the bond of yesteryear. In fact, they are interchangeable terms. The security deposit is paid the landlord prior to handover of the premises to the tenant. Landlords will call upon the security deposit when there is a breach of the lease with a financial consequence and, after demand, the tenant has not made the payment. The tenant will then have to replenish the portion of the security deposit so applied.

 

Repairs and Alterations

Tenants will be responsible for any damage done to the property but will not be at liberty to alter the structure of the building without the landlord’s prior permission. If repairs need to change the structure, landlords will oversee it and the tenant will be the one charged for such works. Landlords maintain the control over alterations by requiring tenants to ask permission before making any changes to the property.

 

Insurance

Tenants are required to take out appropriate insurance. Insurance coverage will include:

  • building insurance
  • public liability insurance
  • landlord insurance
  • business interruption insurance

Non-payment of Rent

In the case of non-payment of rent, a landlord may terminate the lease without notice.   This can be by way of termination by written notice or lockout of the premises.

Subleasing

Landlords must consent to any subleasing agreement a tenant desires to enter into. The landlord may be asked for substantial references that demonstrate that the tenant is respectable, responsible and solvent as a general rule. Sometimes the landlord can increase the amount of the security deposit. Landlords cannot deny tenants subletting unless there are solid and “reasonable” grounds for denying the new tenant.

Surender of the premises

When the lease term comes to an end, tenants must surrender the premises. Tenants will surrender the premises in the original form the property was handed to them unless the landlord agrees otherwise. This is known as make good.

**This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be legal advice. In relation to your individual situation, always seek advice specific to your circumstances from a lawyer.